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مُساهمةموضوع: nobel peace prize   الثلاثاء 15 أكتوبر 2013 - 13:11

Nobel peace prize
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, Literature. Since 1901, it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.
10 winners
year name reason
2012 European Union (EU)
"for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe"

2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman
"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

2010 Liu Xiaobo
"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"

2009 Barack H. Obama
"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"

2008 Martti Ahtisaari
"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"

2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.
"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"

2006 Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank
"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"

2005 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei
"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"

2004 Wangari Muta Maathai
"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

2003 Shirin Ebadi
"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"



Short biographies about B H.Obama and Martti Ahtissari
1) Barack H.Obama

Barack H. Obama, the 44th President of the United States, had been in power for less than eight months when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2009. Among the reasons it gave, the Nobel Committee lauded Obama for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples". Emphasis was also given to his support - in word and deed - for the vision of a world free from nuclear weapons.

Even before the election, Obama had advocated dialogue and cooperation across national, ethnic, religious and political dividing lines. As President, he called for a new start to relations between the Muslim world and the West based on common interests and mutual understanding and respect. In accordance with a promise he made during his election campaign, he set in motion a plan for the withdrawal of U.S. occupying forces from Iraq.
2) Martti Ahtissari


The Nobel Peace Prize for 2008 was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former President of Finland, for his great efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts. Ahtisaari was a major contributor when Namibia achieved independence in 1989-90, arbitrated in Kosovo in 1999 and 2005-07, and helped to bring the long-lasting conflict in the Aceh province in Indonesia to an end in 2005.

Ahtisaari was born in Viborg in 1937. In the Winter War in 1939-40, the town was annexed by the Soviet Union and its inhabitants were driven out. Those childhood experiences motivated him in his adult commitment to peace.
Nominee can be win the N.P.P this year
Edward snowden

I think that Edward snowden can be win the Nobel peace prize this year. because Snowden has made the world safer in releasing information about United States surveillance. And lot of people think that snowden deserves N.P.P in 2009 Instead of Barack Obama.
The Swedish professor has revealed the existence and extent of the surveillance, the U.S. government devotes electronic communications worldwide. By putting light on this monitoring program ( conducted in contravention of national laws and international agreements ) Edward Snowden has helped to make the world a little bit better and safer .

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